管家婆禁一肖尾一头

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缅甸玉的鉴别方法

2016-11-10 19:56翡翠鉴定 人已查看

缅甸玉又称翡翠玉,好的缅甸玉颜色既鲜亮又平和,有很高的保值和收藏价值。缅甸玉的价值连城导致了其作假手段日趋先进化,因此缅甸玉的鉴别方法就显得尤为重要了。市面上的缅甸玉一般分为A、B、C货三种,缅甸玉的鉴别方法有很多种,在此和大家探讨几种简单常见的缅甸玉的真假鉴别方法。

真假缅甸玉的种类

1、TIANRANMIANDIANYU

ZAIGUOJISHANG,TIANRANMIANDIANYUTONGCHANGCHENGWEIMIANDIANYU,QIYANSE、JIEGOU、CAIZHI,JUNBAOCHITIANRANBENSE,SHIMEIYOUJINGGUORENHERENGONGCHULIDEZHENPIN。SHANGMAOSHANGYESUCHENGWEIA HUOMIANDIANYU。SEGAOZHIHAODEAHUOMIANDIANYUJUYOUJIGAODEZENGZHIHESHOUZANGJIAZHI。

2、GAISHANMIANDIANYU

GAISHANMIANDIANYUSHITONGGUODUIMIANDIANYUDEBIAOMIAN、ZHIDI、YANSEDENGJINXINGRENGONGGAISHAN,SHIQIGENGMEIGUAN,JIAZHIGENGGAO。ANGAISHANDECHENGDUHEGONGYIFENWEIYOUHUAMIANDIANYUHECHULIMIANDIANYU。YOUHUAMIANDIANYUSHIZHIZAIJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIMIANDIANYUDEJIEGOUJIJIANGUXINGMEIYOUMINGXIANDEPOHUAI、SUNSHANGHEDUIYANSEWUYINGXIANGDEGONGYILIUCHENG。RUDALAKESHIMIANDIANYUYANSEGENGWENRUN、TOUMING,SHAOLIEHEMEIGUAN。

3、CHULIMIANDIANYU

SHIZHIQUZAPIAOBAI、ZHUJIAOCHULIHEZENGSECHULI。PIAOBAICHONGTIANCHULIMIANDIANYUWANGWANGYIPOHUAIMIANDIANYUDEZHIDI、JIEGOUWEIDAIJIA,JIDADIGAISHANMIANDIANYUDETOUMINGDUHESEGAN。ERSHIMIANDIANYUBAOCHIDUANZANMEILIDEWAIGUAN。YINPIAOBAICHULIDEYINGWENDANCIDEDIYIGEZIMUSHIB ,SUOYIZHEILEIMIANDIANYUXIGUANSHANGCHENGWEIBHUOMIANDIANYU。MIANDIANYUDEZENGSEYESHIMUQIANSHIFENCHANGJIANDECHULIFANGFA,WANGWANGYOURANSE、JINSE、JUSE、DUMOHEFUSHEJIASEDENGFANGFA,JIJUQIPIANXING。ZAISHICHANGSUOYOUJINGGUOZHESE(Color) DEMIANDIANYUJUNCHENGWEICHUOMIANDIANYU。BHUOMIANDIANYUHECHUOMIANDIANYUJUNCHENGZHIWEICHULIMIANDIANYU。

B货缅甸玉的鉴别方法

MUQIANSHANGYESHANGDUIBHUOMIANDIANYUDEJIANBIE,ZHUYAOBAOKUOXIALIEJIGEFANGMIANDENEIRONG:

1、WAIBUTEZHENG

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 WAIBUTEZHENGSHICHANGYONGDEMIANDIANYUDEJIANBIEFANGFAZHIYI,MIANDIANYUAHUOZHONGYIXIEHEISE、HUANGSE、HUISEBAOTI,WANGWANGSUIJIFENBUYUMIANDIANYUNEI,BINGYOUJIAOWEIQUEDINGDEXINGTAI;ERBHUO,YOUYUSUANXIHOUZHEIXIEBAOTIJIYUANLAICHENJIYUMIANDIANYUFENGXIZHONGDETIEMENGZHIBEIPIAOLI,YINCIKANQILAIGUOYUGANJING,ZHAOBUDAOSIHAODEZAIAHUOZHONGCHANGJIANDEHUANGHESEBANDIANHELIEWEN。DANGRAN,MIANDIANYUAHUOYEKENENGJIANDAOFEICHANGHAODEJINGDU。

MIANDIANYUBHUODEYANSEJUNYUN,SEGANYIBANBIJIAOQINGCHUNDANYI,DADUOSHIZAIHUIBAIHUODOUQINGDEZHIDISHANGXIANSHICUILVSE,YOUXIEBHUOWANGWANGNENGMINGXIANGANJUEDAODAIYOUPINGGUOLVDESEDIAO,YOUSHILVSEZHONGPIANHUANG,LVSECHANGCHANGGUOYUXIANYAN,KANQILAIYOUDAIBAN、CHENMEN、BUZIRANDEGANJUE;

 
B货翡翠表面放大观察

ERAHUOSEGANYIBANJIAOWEIFENGFU,TONGYISHIPINDEBUTONGBUWEIKEYOUBUTONG。MIANDIANYUAHUODEDIYUSEPEIHEZIRANDAFANG,LVSECHENGTIANRANDETUANPIAN。

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 MIANDIANYUAHUOYIBANWEIQIANGBOLIGUANGZE;ERBHUODEGUANGZEANDAN,YIBANCHENGLAZHUANGGUANGZEHUOSHUZHIGUANGZE。

MIANDIANYUAHUOBIAOMIANGUANGHUAXINI,KEJIANBUTONGKUANGWUKELIYINYINGDUCHAYI,ZAIPAOGUANGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEWEIXITUAOHEKELIJIAOJIEWEN,DUIYUZHIDIJIAOCHADEAHUO,YINPAOGUANGBULIANGYINQIDEGOUWEN,TONGCHANGZHIHUICHUXIANZAIJUBUWEIZHI,TEBIESHIBUYIPAOGUANGDEAOCHU。

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 YONG 10~ 15BEIFANGDAJINGGUANCHA,MIANDIANYUAHUOCUIXINGMINGXIAN (CULIZHEKEBUYONGFANGDAJING),TAMENKANQILAIHENXIANGCANGYINGCHIDEJIEGOU,GUBAOSHIJIECHENGZHIWEI “CANGYINGCHI”。YINWEIQITALVSEYUSHIDOUMEIYOUCUIXING,SUOYICUIXINGSHISHIBIEMIANDIANYUTEYOUZHONGYAOBIAOZHIZHIYI。

       
管家婆禁一肖尾一头 A货翡翠的“翠性”              A货翡翠的表面特征

然而翠性并不是用肉眼在所有的缅甸玉中都能见到的,在显微斑状交织结构或显微粒状镶嵌结构中就不见翠性,因为双晶面及解理面太小,肉眼看不见,如老坑玻璃地、冰地等。缅甸玉手镯管家婆禁一肖尾一头,在无裂的情况下,可两只轻轻对碰。A货可发出非常清脆的金属声;而B货则声音沉闷,发音沙哑。

2、XIANGDUIMIDU

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 MIANDIANYUAHUODEXIANGDUIMIDUYIBANWEI 3.30~ 3.36,CHANGJIAN3.33,ERBHUOXIANGDUIMIDUPINGJUNWEI 3.25。YINCIJIANGMIANDIANYUCHENGPINFANGRUERDIANJIAWANZHONGYEZHONG,AHUOYIBANDUOHUANMANXIACHEN,HUOCHENGBANFUBANCHENZHUANGTAI;ERBHUOYIBANDUOCHENGXUANFUZHUANGTAI,CHANGCHANGLUCHUZHONGYEBIAOMIAN。RANER,YOUYUBHUOZAICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGSUANXICHENGDUJIRUJIAODUOSHAOBUTONG,QIMIDUYEHUIYOUSUOBIANHUA,SUANXIQIANGDURUO,RUJIAOSHAO,ZEMIDUDA,YOUSHIKEYIJIEJINACUI。ERLINGYIZHONGHANJIANDEQINGKUANGSHIYOUXIEAHUOQIXIANGDUIMIDUYEKENENGXIAOYU3.32,YINCIXIANGDUIMIDUFAKETIGONGYOUYONGDETISHI,DANBUYIDINGSHIBHUODEZHENGJU。

3、REDAOXING

MIANDIANYUSHIHUISHILEIKUANGWUDEJIHETI,JUYOUZHONGDENGDAORENENGLI,MIANDIANYUBHUOYOUYUNEIBUJIEGOUYIZAOPOHUAI,BIANDEJIAOWEISONGSAN,QIJIANYOUCHONGTIANLEDAORENENGLIXIANGDUIJIAOCHADEJUHEWU,YINCIBHUODEDAORELIMINGXIANDIYUAHUO。DANZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,YOUYUMUQIANZHUBAOJIESHIYONGDEDADUOSHUREDAOYIZHUYAOYONGYUZUANSHIJIANBIE,QIFENBIANLVWANGWANGJIAODI,YIBANJINYOU 10GEKEDU,YINCIYONGZHEIZHONGREDAOYIWANGWANGNANYISHIBIEMIANDIANYUA、BHUO。

C货缅甸玉的鉴别方法

实际上,B货缅甸玉的鉴别和C货的鉴别是同步进行的,缅甸玉C货最重要的特征是经过了染色处理。对于用炝色法加工的缅甸玉,最易入色的部位是缅甸玉中的裂隙、硬玉晶体及解理缝内,因此,高倍放大镜或显微镜下,缅甸玉C货中的绿色往往呈蜘蛛网似的丝状、水草状或呈点状沿微裂隙面分布;而缅甸玉A货中的绿颜色则是由缅甸玉中的 “色根” 所致,这些色根是在缅甸玉形成过程中白色的硬玉矿物被成矿热液中富含的Cr、S、Cl、Ti、Fe等组分充填交代所形成,它的分布只受成岩早期裂隙的制约,而与后期 (也即目前所见) 的裂隙无关。

染色的C货翡翠

CHUOMIANDIANYUDEJIANBIETEZHENGSHIBIAOMIANLVSENONGYAN、JUNYUNERDAIBAN,QIEYUWANGNEIYUXIANDEQIANDAN,ZHEIYIDIANKETONGGUOBAOSHIXIANWEIJINGDUIMIANDIANYUYANGPINZHONGBUTONGSHENDUBUWEIDEJUJIAOLAIGUANCHA。

ZAIQIANGZHAOMINGTIAOJIANXIA,MIANDIANYUCHUOZAICHAERSILVSEJINGXIAWANGWANGCHENGSHENHONGSE,ZHEIXIANRANSHIYOUYUJIAGONGCHUODERANSEJIYUMIANDIANYUZHONGDEZHISEYINSUBUXIANGTONGSUOZAOCHENG,DANYOUYUZHIJIAJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,MUQIANYOUHENDUOCHUOZAICHAERSILVSEJINGXIABUBIANSE,YINCI,CHAERSILVSEJINGXIABIANSEDEMIANDIANYUSHICHUO,ERBUBIANSEDEBUYIDINGBUSHICHUO。

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 CHUOMIANDIANYUZAICHAERSILVSEJINGXIABIANSE

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 YOUYUCHUOMIANDIANYUYUAHUODEZHESHELVBUTONG,YINCIKEYIBAMIANDIANYUFANGRUXIUNAIZHONG,CHUOYINYUEKEJIANLVSEDIAO,ERAHUODELVZEMOHUBUQING。MIANDIANYUCHUOYONGHUOSHAOHUITUISE,SHIJIANZHANGLEYEHUITUISEFAHUANG。YOUYUMIANDIANYUCHUOWANGWANGCAIYONGYOUJIRANLIAO,QICHENGFENYUTIANRANLVSEDEZHUYAOYUANSUCrYOUJIAODACHAYI,YINCILIYONGGUANGPUYIFENXIMIANDIANYUDEHUAXUECHENGFEN,KEDEDAOYUAHUOBUTONGDEXISHOUXIAN。

镀膜缅甸玉的鉴别方法

DUMOMIANDIANYUJIEMIANYIBANYANSEJUNYUNCUILV、SHUIZHONGHAO,CUKANQILAIHENXIANGMANSEDEGAODANGMIANDIANYU,YOUXIEDUMOSHOUZHUO,WANGWANGMOFANGZHONG、GAODANGTIANRANMIANDIANYUSHOUZHUONEIYANGJINYOUYIXIAODUANLVSE,QIEYOUSEQUDUANYUWUSEQUDUANZHUJIANGUODU,XIANGDANGFANGZHEN。ZHEIZHONGDUMOMIANDIANYUJIEMIANHESHOUZHUO,ZAIRUILISHICHANGXIANGDANGCHANGJIAN。

DUMOMIANDIANYU

DUMOMIANDIANYUYANSEDAIBANWUBIANHUA,GUANGZEANDAN,DAIYOULANSEDIAO,10BEIFANGDAJINGXIAGUANCHA,BIAOMIANDUMOJUYOUHOUBOBUYUNDENGLIUDONGZHUANGGOUZAO,DUMOSHANGYOUSHAYANHEQIPAO,BINGKEZHAODAOZAIMOUXIEBUWEIDELVSEDUMOHEYINPOSUNERBAOLUCHULAIDEQIANSEMIANDIANYUJIDI。DUIYUDUMOSHOUZHUO,ZAILVSEQUDUANYUWUSEQUDUANJIAOJIEDEGUODUDAISHANG,YONGFANGDAJINGHAIKEJIANDAOBIAOMIANYINPENDUERLIUXIADELVSEMODEMIJIXIAODIAN,ZHEIZHONGSEDIANCONGWUSEDUANDEBIAOMIANKAISHI,YUEKAOJINLVSEDUANMIDUYUEGAO,ZUIHOULIANCHENGYIPIAN,FEICHANGLEISIYUPENQI。CIWAI,YOUYUDUMOYINGDUYOUXIAN,YINCIZAIJIANBIEQIANKEYONGZHIJIAHUOGANGZHENDENGYINGWUKEHUAMIANDIANYUBIAOMIAN,YEKEZAISHUINIDISHANGMOYIXIA,YIBIANJIANBIESHIGUANCHABIAOMIANYOUWUDUMOPOSUNXIANXIANGCHANSHENG。

MIANDIANYUDEJIANBIEFANGFADANGRANBUJINJINJUXIANYUYISHANGJIZHONG,ZAIGOUMAIMIANDIANYUSHIXUYAOZONGHEGEZHONGKAOLVYINSU,ZAIBIYAOSHIHAIXUJIEZHUKEXUEYIQILAIPANDUAN,RUGUOZIJIBUNENGJIANBIEDEHUA,ZUIHAOHAISHIZHAOZHUANJIAWEININJIANBIE。

民间流传的缅甸玉鉴别方法

YI、DIANLIANGFA

掂量法是一种较为普遍的原始方法,但是既有效又实用。因为缅甸玉的比重较一般的仿品要大,缅甸玉较为常见的几种仿品有硅质砾石、大理岩、水沫子管家婆禁一肖尾一头(钠长石)、角闪石砾石等,这些仿品的比重往往都很小,用手掂量时有感觉很轻。这种方法要特别适用于雕刻件、小挂件及手镯,但是其严密性不高,所以最好是经验丰富的行家。

ER、KEHUAFA

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 MINJIANYOULIUCHUANYONGMIANDIANYUHUABOLIDEFANGFALAIJIANBIE,NENGHUACHUHENJIDEJIUSHIMIANDIANYU,FOUZEJIUBUSHI,ZHEIJIUSHILIYONGQIYINGDUDAZHEITEDIAN。PINGCHANGZAIJIANBIEMIANDIANYUDIAOKEJIANSHIKEYIYONGXIAODAOZAIDIAOKEJIANBUMINGXIANCHUHUOZHEDIZUOKEHUA,KANSHIFOUYOUHUAHEN。

SAN、QIAOJIFA

CIZHONGFANGFASHIQIAOJIMIANDIANYUTINGQISHENGYIN,RUGUOFACHUQINGCUIDESHENGYINDADUOWEIHAODEMIANDIANYUHUOFEICUIAHUO。ZHEIZHONGFANGFADUOYONGYUJIANBIEMIANDIANYUZHUOJIQIEPIANMIANDIANYU,RUOSHIMIANDIANYUZHUO,WUBIJIANGMIANDIANYUZHUOYONGXIANXUANGUAQILAI,YONGMANAOBANGQINGQINGQIAOJIZHI,ZHENHUOMIANDIANYUZHUOHUIFACHUQINGCUIERYOUYANGDEHUISHENG,ERDIDANGDEMIANDIANYUHUOFEICUIBHUO、FEICUICHUOTONGCHANGFACHUCHENMENDESHENGYIN。

SI、SHUIPAOFA

SHUIPAOFADUOSHIYONGYUMIANDIANYUFEICUICHUODESHIBIE,JINGGUORENGONGRANSEDEMIANDIANYU,FANGZAISHUIJINGZHUKEYICHUQURANLIAOHUOJINPAOCHURANLIAO。YINWEIYOUXIERANLIAOSHIBUNAIGAOWENDE,HUOZHEZAITAIYANGXIAPUSHAIHOUYEHUIDIAOSE。

WU、HUOSHAOFA

HUOSHAOFASHIZHENDUIRANSEDEMIANDIANYUCAIYONGDEJIANBIEFANGFA,RANLIAOJINGHUOSHAOHOUTONGCHANGHUITUNQUYANSE,YESHIYINWEIRANLIAOBUNAIGAOWENDEYUANGU。

如果自己不懂,千万不要乱鉴别,假缅甸玉是化学药水泡出来的,戴着会致癌的,千万别把假货当真的戴在身上,最好早懂行的人帮忙鉴别。我认识一个鉴定专家,他大学就是学珠宝鉴定专业的,是国家认可的权威鉴定专家,你可以加他的微信找他鉴定,微信号:wuluhe123( ←长按数字复制),你把翡翠拍照片发给他看,他能帮鉴别是不是真的,值多少钱。

在线鉴定(不用登陆、免费鉴定)

    
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