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玉的鉴别方法_图解10种常见翡翠玉的鉴别(精华)

2018-04-19 09:42翡翠鉴定 人已查看

玉的种类有很多,玉分为翡翠、和田玉、岫岩玉、独山玉、缠丝玉、蓝田玉等很多种,不同的玉有不同的鉴别方法。如果您不是专业人士,很难对这些玉种有全面的认识,更不用说进行真假鉴定了,现在市面上卖的很多玉是假的,假玉是用化学药水泡出来的,戴假玉对身体不好,严重的还会致癌的。如果自己不懂鉴别玉,可能会把假玉当做真玉戴,戴假玉对身体不但没有好处,还会致癌。建议您最好找个懂行的专业认识帮您鉴别,我认识一个鉴定专家,他大学就是学珠宝鉴定专业的,是国家认可的权威鉴定专家,您可以加他的微信找他鉴定,微信号:wuluhe123 ←长按数字复制),只要您把翡翠拍照片发给他看,他就能鉴别是什么种类的、是不是真的、值多少钱,他是不收费的,是位热心的好人,他的专知识和敬业的精神一定能帮到您。

如果您有兴趣了解玉的基本知识,可以看看下面我为您总结的翡翠玉的鉴别方法

缅甸翡翠玉

缅甸玉又称翡翠玉 ,缅甸玉石主要产于缅北猛拱一带,曾在我国的清末民初风行一时。由于缅甸翡翠玉硬度高〈也称水种〉,光洁明亮。且好的翡翠颜色既鲜亮又平和,有很高的 保值和收藏价值,故而称为“玉中之王”。被很多爱玉、佩玉的人所喜爱。缅甸玉这一叫法其实不确切。

FEICUICHANYUYUWOGUOYUNNANSHENGDEHONG、BAOSHANPILINDEMIANDIAN。DANJULISHIJIZAI,YOU“FEICUICHANYUYUNNANYONGCHANGFU、YONGCHANGFU”ZHISHUO,ZHEISHIYOUYUDANGSHIDEFEICUICHANDIBAOJING,JIJINTIANDEMIANDIANMENGGONG(YOUJIAOMOGU,Mogok)CENGSHUYUNNANYONGCHANGFUMENGMIXUANFUSIGUANXIAZHIGU,ERYONGCHANGJIWEIJINTIANDEBAOSHANSHI。ZAIMINGCHAOSHIQIBEIYUENANHEMIANDIANBEIBUJUNLISHUYUYUNNANYONGCHANGFUDEMIZHINEICHANYUQU。

MIANDIANYUTUPIAN

翡翠代用品的鉴别目前市场上的翡翠代用品,可谓五花八门,琳琅满目,常见的翡翠代用品有83玉、硬钠玉、水沫子管家婆禁一肖尾一头、不倒翁、软玉、独山玉、岫玉、青海翠玉、绿玛瑙、澳玉、东陵玉、马来玉、玻璃等,这些代用品在外观和颜色上与翡翠的某些品种相似,但有些不具有翡翠的粒状、纤维状交织结构,它们的物质组成、折射率、密度和硬度等都与翡翠不同。

83玉的鉴别方法

83玉主要组成矿物为硬玉 (约 90%),次要矿物为透辉石(约10%),伴有透闪石化,结构为似斑状变晶结构,一般认为83玉为翡翠变种,属新山料。83玉绿色呈斑状、块状、条状分布,飘不鲜艳的灰蓝花 ;83玉水头一般都较好,多呈半透明,相对密度为3.25~ 3.31,折光率1.66,玻璃光泽,硬度略低于翡翠,紫外光下无荧光反映,分光镜下,在 437nm处出现一吸收谱线。83玉可以其色形特征,飘灰蓝花水头较好,敲击声发闷,不易碎裂等特征为鉴别标志。

83YUYUFEICUIBHUODEQUBIESHI,FEICUIBHUOSHIJINGRENWEICHULI,JIEGOUYIBEIPOHUAI,JIEGOUSONGSAN;83YUJIEGOUWANZHENG,BUSONGSAN。BHUOBIAOMIANYOUWEIXISHAYAN,CUIXINGMOHU;83YUBIAOMIANGUANGJIE,CUIXINGMINGXIAN。BHUOLVSEPIAOFU,CHENGLAZHUANGGUANGZE,83YUPIAOHUILANHUA,SESHIZAI,CHENGMINGLIANGDEBOLIGUANGZE。HONGWAIGUANGPUFENXI,83YUDEPUXIANYUFEICUIAHUOYIZHI,BUXIANGBHUOCHUXIANYIWUXISHOUFENG。YAOZHICHUDESHI,SHICHANGSHANGDE83YUYIBANJINGGUOLEISIBHUOCHULIDEFANGFACHULI,YINCISHIBIE83YUSHIJIAOKUNNANDESHI。ZAIYENEI,YOURENSHENZHICHENG83YUJIUSHI “BHUO”。

RANSEMIANDIANYU

干青

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 GANQINGGUMINGSIYI,ZHIDESHISHICHANGSHANGKEYIJIANDAODEYIZHONGJIHUMANLVSEDEFEICUI,TADELVSENONGDUDA,JIBIJIAOSHENSE,YANSEHUANGLV、SHENLVZHIMOLV,DAIHEIDIAN,YOUDEBIJIAOJUNYUNFENBU,YOUDESHENQIANBUSHENJUNYUN,WANGWANGYOUXIEHEIDIAN。CHANGYOULIEWEN,BUTOUMING,XIANDEHENGAN,JIANCHENGGANQINGZHONG。ZHEIZHONGFEICUIYUCHUNYINGYUZUCHENGDEFEICUIYOUBIE,SHOUXIANTAZHUYAOSHIYOUNAGEHUISHIZUCHENG,HUIYOUSHAOLIANGDEYINGYU,HANLIANGBUDING,HAIYOUGETIEKUANGJIQITAJIAOSHANSHILEIKUANGWU,YINCITADEWULIXINGZHIYEYOUBUTONG,TADEYINGDUSHI5.5~6,BIZHONGJIAOGAOWEI3.40ZUOYOU,ZHESHELVJIAOGAOWEI1.74ZUOYOU,YOUYUGEZHONGKUANGWUZUHEBILIBUTONG,QIWULIXINGZHIJUNYOUXIEBIANHUA。

 

水沫玉的鉴别方法

水沫玉又称水沫子,水沫子通透感好,一般呈蛋清地或玻璃地,常伴有蓝、绿色飘花,敲击之声清脆悦耳,主要矿物成分为低温钠长石,次要矿物为硬玉、绿帘石、阳起石、石英,故实际上是一种斜长石岩。主要致色矿物是按一定向排列的阳起石、绿帘石及蚀变绿泥石,水沫子折射率小于翡翠,为1.530~ 1.535,硬度为 6,相对密度 2.48~ 2.65,远远小于翡翠,拿在手中有明显的轻感。水沫子在腾冲、瑞丽市场很多,常用以充当中、高档翡翠。推荐阅读:水沫子和翡翠的区别

不倒翁

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 BUDAOWENGCHANYUMIANDIANBEIBIAN,MAILIKAIJIANGXIANKAOJINYINDULIDUODEDIFANG,YINDANGDIMINGCHENGYINJIN “BUDAOWENG” ERDEMING。BUDAOWENGYIBANCHENGBANBANDIANDIANDECONGLV,ZAIZHONGLIANGHESHOUGANSHANGYUFEICUIXIANGDANG,QIEYOUJIAOHAODEWENRUNGAN,YINGDUXIAOYUFEICUI,ZAICHAERSILVSEJINGXIABIANHONGSE。JUYANCHENNIAN(1993)RENWEI“BUDAOWENG” SHIJISHANGJIUSHILVSEGUIZHIYAN,HUAXUECHENGFENWEI SiO2,JUJIXIDEYUANXINGKELIJIHETIHUOJIAOZHUANGTI。

软玉的鉴别方法

软玉是一种透闪石-阳起石系列矿物为主要组分的单矿物岩,一般呈特有的交织纤维变晶结构,有时还含有少量蛇纹石、透辉石和绿泥石等副矿物。软玉折射率和相对密度均小于翡翠,分别为 1.62和 2.95。查尔斯滤色镜下不变色,分光镜下绿区 509nm有一吸收线。软玉无雪片、苍蝇翅等翠性表现。翡翠一般不带黑点,有黑点时也呈圆形点状;而软玉却很少不带黑点,且形状多为不规则棱角形。假冒翡翠的软玉一般呈菠菜绿色,颜色呆滞,无祖母绿色调;翡翠有色形色根,软玉颜色均匀,无色形色根;翡翠底张多显灵气,而软玉质地匀润,光泽柔和,呈油脂-蜡状光泽。

独山玉的鉴别方法

南阳独山玉是一种黝帘石化斜长岩,是我国的一个古老品种。其颜色、质地、硬度和折光率与翡翠相似,相对密度小于翡翠,为 2.9,极易与翡翠混淆,它们的主要区别是,翡翠绿色纯正,独山玉颜色在水头足者中绿色多闪蓝色,在水头不足者中绿色多带黄色;若放入溴苯中,翡翠只见边缘不见整体,独山玉则清楚可见;独山玉难见雪片、苍蝇翅等翠性;由于密度不同,在二碘甲烷重液中,翡翠缓慢下沉,而独山玉则浮于液体表面。 关于《翡翠绿色》的知识,有一篇文章写的很好,链接在这里:http://cnxiai.com/feicui/category2/11.html

DUSHANYUGUAJIAN

岫玉的鉴别方法

XIUYUSHIYIZHONGSHEWENSHIYAN,CHANYULIAONINGXIUYAN,DUOCHENGWEITOUMINGDAOBANTOUMING,YUFEICUIDEZHUYAOQUBIESHI,ZAIXIUYUDELVSEZHONGDAIYOUYIDIANHUISE,WEIHUILVDEXIESE,YANSEDANERJUNYUN,WUMINGXIANDESEXINGSEGEN;XIUYU ZHONG FEN BU YOU BU JUN YUN DE SI XU,KE JIAN BU TOU MING DE BAI SE“YUNDUO”;XIUYUDUANKOUJIAOPINGTAN,JUSHAXINGTEZHENG,ERFEICUIDUANKOUWEIANZHACANCHAZHUANG;XIUYUYINGDUWEI 3.5~ 6,XIANGDUIMIDUWEI 2.65,MINGXIANQINGYUFEICUI,ZAIERDIANJIAWANZHONGFUYUZHONGYEBIAOMIAN。

岫岩玉手镯

 

青海翠玉

QINGHAICUIYUDEZHUYAOKUANGWUCHENGFENSHIGAILVLIUSHI,HANYOUSHAOLIANGLVNISHI、TOUHUISHIDENG。QINGHAICUIYUYIBANWEIBAISEJIGEZHONGSHENQIANBUTONG、FENBUBUJUNDELVSE、HUANGLVSE。CHENGWEITOUMINGDAOBANTOUMING,CHANGJIANHEISEGETIEKUANGBANDIAN,BOLI -YOUZHIGUANGZE,DUANKOUBUPINGTAN,XINGCUI。XIANWEIJINGXIACHENGLIZHUANGJIEGOU,YINGDU 6~ 6.5,ZHESHELV、XIANGDUIMIDUJUNDAYUFEICUI,FENBIEWEI 1.734HE 3.5。QINGHAICUIYUYUFEICUIDEQUBIESHI,QINGHAICUIYUWUMINGXIANCUIXING,QIELVZHONGSHANHUANG,LVSETUANKUAIYUZHOUWEIBIANJIEJIAOQINGCHU,XIANDEDAIBAN;CHAERSILVSEJINGXIABIANWEIHONGZHIANHONGSE。

半透明祖母绿

ZUMULVSHIYIZHONGLVZHUSHIDANJINGTI,ZHESHELV 1.56,FENGUANGJINGXIAHONG、LAN、ZIQUYOUXISHOUXIAN,QIWEITOUMINGHUOBANTOUMINGPINZHONG,YUFEICUIFEICHANGXIANGSI,TAMENDEJIANBIETEZHENGSHI,ZUMULVCHUJUYOUYUFEICUIFEICHANGXIANGJINDESEDIAOWAI,QIYANSEJUNYUNWUSEGEN;BANTOUMINGZUMULVNEIHANZAZHIXUZHUANGWUJIAODUO;ZUMULVWUCUIXING,YEMEIYOUFEICUISUOTEYOUDEXIANWEIJIAOZHIJIEGOUYIBANKEJIANMINGXIANDEJIGEBUTONGFANGXIANGDEJIELIZUXIANGHUJIAOCHA;ZUMULVYINGDUDAYUFEICUI,WEI 7.5~ 8,DANXINGCUIYISUI;XIANGDUIMIDUWEI 2.68~ 2.73,XIAOYUFEICUI,GUZAIERDIANJIAWANZHONGYEZHONGFUYUYEMIANZHISHANG;MOUXIEZUMULVZAICHAERSILVSEJINGXIACHENGFENHONGSE。

铬透辉石

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 GETOUHUISHISHIYIZHONGTOUHUISHIDANJINGTI,YUFEICUIDEZHUYAOKUANGWUCHENGFENYINGYUZAIKUANGWUXUESHANGHENXIANGSI,YINERTAMENZAIWAIZAIXINGTAI、WULIXINGZHI、HUAXUEXINGZHISHANGYEFEICHANGXIANGSI,TEBIESHIYOUYUQIZHISEYINSUXIANGSI,GUTAMENDESEDUCANSHUXIANGJIN,SHIJUEXIAOGUOJIBENXIANGTONG。DANYOUYUFEICUISHIYIYINGYUWEIZHUYAOKUANGWUZUCHENGDEJIHETI;SUOYIQITOUMINGDUGAOZHEJISHAO,ERGETOUHUISHIWEIKUANGWUDANJINGTI,YINCIYIBANYANSEJUNYUN,TOUMINGDUGAO,WUSEXINGSEGEN,WUCUIXING。

乌兰翠

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 WULANCUIWEIYIZHONGHANGEJIANJINGSHIXIKAYAN,YINGDUWEI 6~ 6.5,XIANGDUIMIDU 3.5,ZHEGUANGLV 1.734,YIBANCHENGLANLVDAOANLVSE,GUANGZEANDAN,QIAOJISHENGCHENMEN。

贡翠

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 GONGCUISHICHANYUYUNNANGAOLIGONGSHANDEYIZHONGLVSEDALIYAN,TOUMINGHUOBANTOUMING,LVSEJUNYUN,BIFEICUISEDAN,XIANGDUIMIDU、YINGDUJUNXIAOYUFEICUI,GONGCUIYUYANSUANQIPAO。

贵翠

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 GUICUISHIYIZHONGCHANYUGUIZHOU、YUNNAN、MIANDIANDENGDIDELVSEHANGAOLINGSHIDEXILISHIYINGYAN,YIBANCHENGDANLVSE,CIWEICUILV、PUTAOLV,JUNDAILANSEDIAO,GUICUIYIBANCHENGHUABANZHUANG、DAIZHUANG、YUNWUZHUANG;LIDUCU,CHANGDAISHAYAN,QIZHESHELVWEI 1.54,XIANGDUIMIDU 2.65,YINGDUWEI 7。

绿玛瑙

LVMANAOYUFEICUIDEZHUYAOQUBIESHI,LVMANAOLVZHONGSHANLAN,DAIXIESE,YANSEJUNYUN,TONGTIYISE,WUMINGXIANSEXINGSEGEN,MEIYOUCUIXINGDESHANGUANG,DUANKOUWEIBANSHANLIANGCHAKOU,JIANQIAOZHUANG;LVMANAODEXIANGDUIMIDUWEI 2.65,MINGXIANQINGYUFEICUI。

澳玉

AOYUSHIYIZHONGLVSEYUSUI,SHIHAN 0.5% ~ 1%YANGHUANIEDEWEIJINGLIZHUANGSHIYINGJIHETI,JIAOLVMANAOGENGXIANGFEICUI,AOYUYUFEICUIDEZHUYAOQUBIESHI,AOYUDEXIANLVSEZHONGSHANHUANGERTOUNEN,YANSEJUNYUN,ZHIDIXINI,SHIYONGROUYANJIANBUDAOLIZHUANGJIEGOUDEZHIMIKUAIZHUANG,BOLIGUANGZE,WUSEXINGSEGEN,WUCUIXINGBIAOXIAN;AOYUDUANKOUWEICANCHAZHUANGZHIPINGTANZHUANG,XIANGDUIMIDUWEI 2.6ZUOYOU,MINGXIANQINGYUFEICUI。

 

东陵玉的鉴别方法

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 DONGLINGYUSHICHANYUYINDUDEYIZHONGLVSEHANGEYUNMUSHIYINGYAN。LIZHUANGJIEGOU,KELIJIAOCU,MINGXIANDEKEKANDAOWANRUFANXINGBANSHANLIANGDELVSEGEYUNMULINPIAN,WEITOUMINGZHIBANTOUMING,BOLIGUANGZE,GEYUNMUPIANXIANSIJUANGUANGZE,XIANGDUIMIDU 2.7~ 2.8,ZHEGUANGLVJINYU 1.56,WUCUIXINGBIAOXIAN。

马来玉的鉴别方法

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 SHIYIZHONGRANSESHIYINGYAN,CHANGBEIYONGYUFANGFEICUIZHONGDEGAOLVPINZHONG。MALAIYULVSESHENYANJUNYUN,TOUMINGDUHAO,YINGDUWEI 7,ZHEGUANGLV 1.54,XIANGDUIMIDU 2.7,MINGXIANXIAOYUFEICUI,YONG 10BEIFANGDAJINGGUANCHA,MALAIYUCHENGLIZHUANGJIEGOU,YANSECHENGWANGGEZHUANGCHENJIYUSHIYINGKELIZHIJIAN,WUSEGEN;CHAERSILVSEJINGXIABUBIANSEHUOCHENGFENHONGSE,FENGUANGJINGXIAHONGQU 660~ 680nmYOUXISHOUZHAIDAI。

玻璃

管家婆禁一肖尾一头 BOLIYECHANGBEIYONGYUFEICUIDEFANGZHICAILIAO,YOUYIZHONGLVSETUOBOHUABOLI,TOUMINGDUJIHAO,SHIZHUANMENYONGLAIFANGFEICUIDE,ZHEIZHONGBOLINEIYOUSHUZHI ZHUANG CHU JING,ZHE SHE LV、XIANG DUI MI DU JUN XIAO YU FEI CUI,FEN BIE WEI1.54HE 2.64;FANGDAJINGXIAGUANCHAKEJIANYUANXINGHUOLEIDIXINGQIPAO;PIANGUANGJINGXIADUOCHENGJINGZHITI,DANWUCUIXING,FENGUANGJINGXIAWUFEICUIDETEZHENGXISHOUPU;BOLIFEICUIYIBANDOUSHIYOUMOJUDAOCHULAIDE,SUOYIJIEMIANDEMIANJIAOYUANHUA,BIAOMIANYOUYINLENGQUESHOUSUOERXINGCHENGDEAOMIAN。

以上是一些常见的玉的种类,限于篇幅有限,还有黄龙玉、缠丝玉、马来玉、阿富汗玉、戈壁玉等很多品种没有帮您介绍,如果您想了解更多关于玉知识,或者有玉要鉴别,推荐您加一个玉石爱好者微信,他是大学珠宝鉴定专业毕业,是国家认可的权威鉴定专家,您可以找他学习知识或者鉴定,是不收费的,微信号:wuluhe123( ←长按数字复制),只要您把翡翠拍照片发给他看,他就能鉴别是什么种类的、是不是真的、值多少钱,他是不收费的,是位热心的好人,他的专知识和敬业的精神一定能帮到您。

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