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硬玉_硬玉和软玉有什么区别?

2017-09-23 18:46翡翠鉴定 人已查看

硬玉的概念

GUMINGSIYI,YINGYUSHIYIZHONGYINGDUBIJIAOGAODEYU,YINGYUSHIYIZHONGKUANGWUDEMINGCHENG,SUCHENGFEICUI,DANFEICUIZHISHIYINGYUZHONGDEYIZHONG。CHULEYINGYUZHIWAI,HAIYOURUANYU,JIRENMENCHANGSHUODEBAIYU、HETIANYU。

硬玉,泛指一切带颜色的不同质量(档次)的辉石族中纤维状纳铝硅酸盐的矿物集合体。构成硬玉的三种主要物质组分为SiO2、AI2O3、Na2O,其理论含量值:SiO2为59.44%;AI2O3为25.22% ; Na2O为15.34%。硬玉的硬度:6.5-7;相对密度:3.33左右;折射率:1.66,韧性很强,破碎表面能为1.21×10-2J/cm2,破碎韧度为7.1×103N/cm2

FEICUIZAIWOGUOMINGQUEDICHENGWEIYINGYU,KENENGSHIYUSONGDAI。ERHANDAIZHANGHENGDE《XIJINGFU》、BANGUDE《XIDOUFU》YIJILIUCHAOXULINGDE《YUTAIXINYONGSHIXU》TIDAODEFEICUIDOUYOUKENENGZHIRUANYUZHONGDEBIYU,ERFEIYINGYU。ZHENGYINWEIYINGYUZAITANGDAIYIBUKEKAO,GULISHANZHU《WENXUAN》、YANSHIGUWANG《HANSHU》JUNWEICHANGJIZHI。JINLAIYINGGUOLISHIXUEJIALIYUESEZAI《ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUSHI》DISANJUANZHONGCHENG:ZAI18SHIJIYIQIAN,ZHONGGUORENBINGBUZHIDAOYINGYUZHEIZHONGDONGXI。YIHOU,YINGYUCAICONGMIANDIANCHANDIJINGYUNNANSHURUZHONGGUO。QIANBUJIU,SULIANDIZHIXUEJIAJIYEFULINKEYEZHICHU,MIANDIANDUMAO、MIANMAO、PANMAOHENANNAIMAODECISHENGFEICUIKUANGFAXIANYU1871NIAN,ZHIJINYIKAICAILEYIBAIDUONIAN,RENGWEICAIKONG。MIANDIANWULONGJIANGHEGUDEYUANSHENGFEICUIZAOZAI13SHIJI(SONGMOZHIYUANCHU)YIJINGCAIKUANG(JIAN《GUOWAIDIZHIKEJI》)。ERWOGUOMUQIANCONGGONGTINGZHENZANGHECHUTUWENWUZHONGSHANGWEIFAXIANMINGCHAOYIQIANDEFEICUI。YINCI,ZHONGGUORENHESHICHENGYINGYUWEIFEICUI,MIANDIANFEICUIHESHISHURUZHONGGUO,YIZHIWEINONGQINGCHUDELISHIZHIMI。WOMENQIDAIKAOGUGONGZUOZHENENGYOUXINDEFAXIAN,LAIJIEJUEZHEIYILISHIXUANAN。   

硬玉

YINGYUTUPIAN

软玉的概念

RUANYUTONGCHANGSUOZHIDESHIGUONEIDEYIXIEYUZHONG,BAOKUO:HETIANYU、XIUYU、DUSHANYU、LANTIANYUDENGDENG,QIZHONGYIHETIANYUZUIJIA,ZHUYAOCHANYUWOMENXINJIANGHETIANERDEMING,LISHIYOUJIU,ZHILIANGZUIJIA。ZHONGGUOXINJIANGHETIANSHIRUANYUDEZHONGYAOCHANDI,NEILIDERUANYUBEIRENMENCHENGZHIWEI“HETIANYU”,2003NIANBEIDINGWEI“ZHONGGUOGUOYU”。

HETIANRUANYUCHANDIJIAODUO,YOUYUBUTONGCHANDIDERUANYUYINCHENGYINBUTONG,ZHILIANGCUNZAIMINGXIANCHABIE,YINCI,SHICHANGSHANGYIJINGSHIJICUNZAIANRUANYUCHANDIJINXINGFENLEIDEXIANXIANG。RUXINJIANGHETIANYU、QINGHAIRUANYU、ELUOSIRUANYUDENG,JINGCHANGCHENGZHIWEIXINJIANGLIAO、QINGHAILIAO、ELIAO、HANLIAODENG。

HETIANRUANYUTUPIAN

硬玉和软玉有什么区别?

1、狭义:从科学角度,并且符合传统玉德说,玉仅指硬玉(翡翠)、软玉(和田玉等);

2、GUANGYI:YUSHITIANRANDIZHIZUOYONGXINGCHENGDE,FUHEJUYOUMEILI、XIQUE、NAIJIUTEXINGDEKUANGWUJIHETI。ZHEISHIXIANDAIBAOSHIXUEZHONGYUDEGAINIAN,ZHEZHONGQIANGDIAOYUSHIQUBIEYUDANJINGTIBAOSHISHIKUANGWUJIHETI,TONGSHI QIANGDIAOSHINAIJIUXING,YAONAIJIUJIUBIXUYOUYIDINGDEWULIYINGDU,YINGDUZAIMOSHI5YISHANGGEYINGZHIBIAO,(YOUXIELUNZHUZHONGJIANGYINGDUZAIMOSHI4,DANBIDOURENWEI5HESHI,CHANGJIANJINSHUZHIPINDEYINGDUYIBANXIAOYU 5,DAYU5CAIBUYIHUAMAO)DANKAOLVYONGYUDELISHI,JIWENHUACHUANTONGZUOYONGSHEWENYANZHIXIUYU(YINGDUXIAOYU5)YESHUGUANGYIDEYU,GUANGYIDEYU:BAOKUOXIAYIDEYU、SHIYINGYANLEIYU(“JINGBAIYU”、 “MIYU”、“DONGLINGYU”)、SHEWENYANYU(XIUYU、XINYIYU)、XIEZHANGYANYU(DUSHANYU)DENG。

3、FANYI:WENHUAXUESHANGDEYU,SHIZHIMEIZHEYE,BAORONGJIDA。BAOKUOXIAYIDEYU,GUANGYIDEYU,JIGEZHONGBAOSHI(HONGBAOSHI、LANBAOSHIDOUSHUYU“GANGYU”,TUOPASHIKUANGWUMINGJIAO“HUANGYU”),CAISHI(DALISHIJIAOHANBAIYU)

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